Appraisal of the mistakes made regarding the Shroud samples taken in 1988 - and a suggested way of putting these behind us by Ian Wilson Evaluacin de los errores cometidos respecto a las muestras de la Sbana Santa obtenidas en 1988 y sugerencias para superarlos (En Espaol) Ian Wilson's 1998 overview of the then current state of Shroud research and his plea for cooperation within the Shroud research community.This paper was originally presented at the 1998 Turin Symposium.A research was performed with the aim to classify the particles in order to correlate them with the environments where, from historical information, the Shroud resulted to have been exposed.
Although the image itself is well known, very few of us know much about the artist himself.
Our results point out that at the nanoscale a scenario of violence is recorded in the funeral fabric and suggest an explanation for some contradictory results so far published." Authentic acid blood mordanted the madder-dyed Shroud of Turin pinkish red before image formation - Jesus was dead by A. Here is just the first sentence of the abstract: "The chemical and physical properties of the Shroud of Turin, both of the non-image background, the image areas, the pinkish red bloodstains and the separate serum, especially their absorbance, fluorescence and FTIR spectra, are described and shown to be evidence for the presence of a pinkish red heme-madder complex, formed by the chemical interaction of authentic acid postmortem blood with yellow madder dye on the cloth before image formation." , this article not only makes an interesting argument for the authenticity of the Shroud, circa 1983, but also provides us with excellent insight into the workings of Shroud science.