The two most widespread subspecies are the eastern raccoon (Procyon lotor lotor) and the Upper Mississippi Valley raccoon (Procyon lotor hirtus). states and Canadian provinces to the north of South Carolina and Tennessee.Both share a comparatively dark coat with long hairs, but the Upper Mississippi Valley raccoon is larger than the eastern raccoon. The adjacent range of the Upper Mississippi Valley raccoon covers all U. states and Canadian provinces to the north of Louisiana, Texas and New Mexico.The kits are subsequently raised by their mother until dispersal in late fall.Although captive raccoons have been known to live over 20 years, their life expectancy in the wild is only 1.8 to 3.1 years.
After a gestation period of about 65 days, two to five young, known as "kits", are born in spring. Its grayish coat mostly consists of dense underfur which insulates it against cold weather.